How Powerball Works and What You Need to Know to Win
The Ultimate Guide to Playing and Winning the Powerball Lottery
Do you have questions about Powerball? Read this guide to learn what it is, how you enter, how to boost your odds of winning, and much more.
What Is the Powerball Lottery?
Powerball is a multi-state lottery. It runs in all but six of the US states as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands.
It replaced the Lotto*America lottery in 1992, becoming the first lottery game to use two drums to draw winners. One drum is used for the white balls and one for the red “Power” ball, which gives the lottery its name.
It offers one jackpot, which increases every time that no winning jackpot ticket is sold, and a variety of smaller cash prizes.
How Powerball Drawings Work
Winners are drawn on Wednesday and Saturday nights at 10:12 PM Central Time. The drawings are conducted at Universal Studios in Orlando, Florida. The winning numbers are announced on television, on the Powerball website, in newspapers, and online.
In order to win the jackpot, players must correctly match all five white balls as well as the red Powerball.
There’s no guarantee that a jackpot will be awarded in every drawing. If no one picks all six winning numbers, the jackpot rolls over to the next drawing.
As jackpot values soar, more and more people buy tickets, so a larger percentage of the possible number combinations are sold. Eventually, it becomes nearly impossible for a drawing to occur without a winner.
The Powerball Lottery’s jackpot starts at $40 million and grows by at least $10 million each time the jackpot is not awarded. The jackpot can, and often does, reach values of hundreds of millions of dollars. As of 2016, the largest lottery jackpot in the history of the world was a Powerball jackpot worth over $1.5 billion dollars.
But there’s more to Powerball than just the jackpot prizes. In every drawing, other cash prizes worth between $4 and $2,000,000 are also awarded. The value of the prizes depends on how many numbers a player has guessed correctly, and the number of prizes awarded in each drawing is limited only by how many people make correct guesses.
How Much Does It Cost to Play Powerball?
Basic Powerball cards cost $2 apiece. For an additional dollar, you can add the PowerPlay option, which increases the size of your prize if you correctly guess one to five qualifying numbers. So the maximum cost of a single Powerball ticket is $3.
How Does PowerPlay Work?
If you purchase the PowerPlay option, the value of any prize you win for matching fewer than five balls will be multiplied by a randomly-drawn value between two and five. If the jackpot is worth less than $150 million, a 10x multiplier will be added to the mix.
For the payouts for matching five or six balls, the PowerPlay option works differently. The million-dollar prize that’s awarded for matching five white balls without the PowerBall is always doubled to $2 million with the PowerPlay option. The other multipliers don’t come into play.
The PowerPlay doesn’t affect the size of the jackpot, which is fixed whether you purchase the PowerPlay option or not. No multipliers apply to jackpot payouts.
How Do You Play Powerball?
Powerball is a two-drum lottery game. One drum holds 69 white balls, while the other drum holds 26 red balls. Only one red ball will be drawn, and that red ball is called the Powerball.
When you buy your ticket, you select five numbers, which will be drawn from the first drum with the white balls, and one Powerball number. The winning Powerball number will be drawn from the second drum with the red balls.
You can choose your Powerball numbers or you can use Quick Pick, which draws your numbers for you at random.
Do Powerball Numbers Have to Be In the Right Order to Win?
The order of your first five Powerball numbers doesn’t affect your chances of winning. If you pick the numbers 1 3 9 13 17 and the Powerball 6, and the winning numbers come up 17 9 1 3 13 (6), you’ll still win the jackpot.
However, you must correctly guess the Powerball to win the jackpot. So in the example above, if the winning numbers come up 17 9 6 3 13 (1), you would not be a jackpot winner.
How Many Balls Do You Need to Win a Powerball Prize?
To win a Powerball prize, you only need to pick one single number correctly: the red Powerball.
Picking the Powerball alone will award you a $4 prize, which means that with a $2 purchase, you have one in 26 odds of doubling your investment in your ticket (there are 26 red balls to choose from).
To win the Powerball Jackpot, you need to match all five white balls in any order, as well as the red Powerball.
Here are all the Powerball payouts:
Basic Powerball Payouts:
- 5 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: Jackpot (starts at $40 million, has no upper limit)
- 5 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $1,000,000
- 4 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $10,000
- 4 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $100
- 3 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $100
- 3 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $7
- 2 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $7
- 1 Correct White Ball and the Powerball: $4
- No White Balls, Just the Powerball: $4
Payouts for Powerball with PowerPlay:
- 5 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: Jackpot
- 5 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $2,000,000
- 4 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $20,000 – $100,000*
- 4 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $200 – $1,000*
- 3 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $200 – $1,000*
- 3 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: $14 – $70*
- 2 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: $14 – $70*
- 1 Correct White Ball and the Powerball: $8 – $40*
- No White Balls, Just the Powerball: $8 – $40*
*The exact payout will depend on whether a 2X, 3X, 4X, 5X, or 10X multiplier was drawn at random. The 10X multiplier is available only when the jackpot is worth less than $150 million.
What Are the Odds of Winning Powerball?
Powerball.com lists the odds of winning a Powerball prize . As of February 25, 2020, the odds were listed as follows:
- 5 White Balls and Powerball (Jackpot): 1 in 292,201,338
- 5 White Balls, but no Powerball: 1 in 11,688,053.52
- 4 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: 1 in 913,129.18
- 4 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: 1 in 36,525.17
- 3 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: 1 in 14,494.11
- 3 Correct White Balls, but no Powerball: 1 in 579.76
- 2 Correct White Balls and the Powerball: 1 in 701.33
- 1 Correct White Ball and the Powerball: 1 in 91.98
- No White Balls, Just the Powerball: 1 in 38.32
- Overall Odds of Winning Any Prize: 1 in 24.87
What Is Powerball Multi-Draw?
Powerball Multi-Draw lets you easily play the same numbers on up to 26 consecutive drawings at the same time. Using Multi-Draw helps ensure you don’t miss a drawing.
You can also choose the Future Drawing option on your Powerball ticket to play on specific dates. So if you feel like an upcoming date will be particularly lucky for you (maybe a birthday, anniversary, or a date containing a lucky number), you can be sure you won’t forget to play on that day.
Is There a Secret to Winning Powerball?
The Powerball.com FAQ Page points out that if you buy a Powerball card for every possible red ball, you’ll be guaranteed to win at least the small prize. Of course, you’ll have spent $52 to guarantee a $4 win, but if you match some of the white balls on those 39 cards as well, your total winnings will be higher.
Other than that, there’s no secret to choosing winning numbers that will improve your odds. The number draw is totally random. Some people enjoy trying to work out a lottery strategy, but don’t put too much faith in them.
However, read these lottery-winning tips that really work to find no-nonsense tips that can raise your chances of winning.
If you have friends or coworkers who enjoy playing the lottery, you can also join together to increase your odds of winning without paying more money by using a lottery pool.
Is Playing Powerball Worthwhile?
Whenever the Powerball jackpot gets really big, tons of people start entering for the chance of winning hundreds of millions of dollars. After all, about one in five people believe that the best way to get rich is to hit a lottery jackpot. But does it make sense to play Powerball?
There’s no definitive answer to that question. But statisticians have devised a formula to help you determine whether the risk is worth the potential payoff. To find out what that formula is and how it works, read the entertaining and informative article, Is Powerball a Mug’s Game? from Slate.
Which States Do Not Participate in the Powerball Lottery?
The Powerball Lottery is not available in Nevada, Utah, Mississippi, Alabama, Alaska, and Hawaii.
How Will You Know When You Win the Powerball Lottery?
To find out if you’ve won a Powerball prize, you need to check your numbers. If you are contacted by someone telling you you’ve won a jackpot, you’re probably dealing with a lottery scam.
Many television stations broadcast the Powerball drawings live. You can also check your local newspaper or Google for the results online.
You can bring your ticket to a gas station, convenience store, or other location which sells tickets, to let them check your winnings for you. Just be sure to sign your ticket first, to avoid being scammed out of a win. It’s best to ask for the winning numbers and check yourself than to hand over your ticket and ask if you’ve won.
There are also lottery apps that make it easy to check winning numbers. Some will even notify you if the tickets you have purchased come up as winners.
If you want to check the winning numbers online, see my list of winning lottery numbers by state for the right links.
What to Read Next?
Want to know more about winning the lottery? Check out How to Play the MegaMillions Lottery.
Want to hear about some lottery winners you definitely won’t envy? Read about these Lottery Curse Victims. Then find out how to avoid becoming one yourself by reading How to Win the Lottery Without Losing Your Shirt.
If you are hoping to become a jackpot winner, find out what you should consider before claiming your prize?
And if you are wondering how states use the money they bring in from their tickets, read where does lottery money go? Good luck!How does Powerball work? How do you play Powerball, how much does it cost, and what's a guaranteed (yes, guaranteed!) way to win it? Find out here.
Here’s how likely it was that no one won the Powerball jackpot Wednesday night
In a Powerball drawing, five numbered white balls are chosen from a drum containing 69 balls, and a single red ball is chosen from a drum of 26 balls. To win the jackpot, your numbers must perfectly match the numbers drawn.
There are 11,238,513 ways to draw the five white balls from the drum of 69 balls. Multiply that by the 26 red balls, and you get a total of 292,201,338 total possible Powerball draws. That means for every ticket you buy, you have a 1 in 292,201,338 chance of winning the jackpot, or a 0.00000034% probability.
Another way of looking at that is that a single ticket has a 99.99999966% chance of losing the jackpot. That extremely high chance of not winning the jackpot is one of the main reasons why it probably isn’t a good financial decision to play Powerball.
But this is just looking at one ticket. What happens when we consider the millions of people who bought lottery tickets before Wednesday night’s drawing?
As long as we make the reasonable assumption that people are generally picking their Powerball numbers randomly and in such a way that one person’s picks have no influence over anyone else’s picks, it turns out that it’s fairly straightforward to estimate the overall probability that no one won the jackpot based on the number of tickets sold.
That assumption that individuals aren’t influencing each other’s picks is called statistical independence. The handy thing about independent events is that if we want to know the probability that a whole bunch of independent events all happen together — like, say, the probability that several million people all lost the Powerball jackpot — all we have to do is multiply together the individual probabilities of each of those events.
According to lottoreport.com, a website that uses lottery sales figures to estimate the number of tickets sold for any given drawing, 176,143,630 tickets were sold before Wednesday night’s drawing. So, we can find the probability that all of those tickets were duds by multiplying together the probability that any one ticket is a dud — as we saw above, about 99.99999966% — 176,143,530 times. That is, we take 99.99999966% raised to the 176,143,530th power.
While that would be daunting to try to do by hand, this is trivial for a computer. Indeed, we can estimate quite easily the probability that no one wins a Powerball jackpot for just about any number of millions of tickets sold.
Based on all this, there was about a 54.7% chance that we had Wednesday night’s outcome of no one winning the jackpot:It turns out that it was basically a coin flip whether or not someone won the jackpot. ]]>